From the perspective of implementation of urgent solution the issue of NEETs’ unemployment is not as urgent in the Czech Republic as in the other EU countries.
However, the issue of NEET population ranks alongside other topics in the employment policy (such as the unemployment rate of persons over 50 years, single mothers with small children or the disparities in supply and demand on the labor market.
Recent discussions have been focusing rather on the decreasing quality of primary education and incompatibility of study fields with the labor market´s needs.
A special category of NEETs is represented by young people coming from socially excluded Roma locations. According to some surveys, the unemployment rate in these locations has risen up to 90% and young people represent a multiple successive generation of the unemployed. Unfortunately, this problem is still paid rather a verbal than a real attention.
If we focus on different subgroups of NEET population, mainly young people/graduates with qualifications not conforming to the requirements of the labor market, inspire the greatest attention towards the general public, traditional policies, employers and trade unions. Vice-versa, the subgroup of young single parents and young disabled are not in the interest of the above-mentioned various stakeholders in the Czech Republic, which is caused by the fact that specialized NGOs or sheltered workshops are dedicated to these subgroups.
Since 2005 school-leavers (including university graduates) have not been entitled to unemployment benefit, which makes them to search a job more speedily. This measure has helped to reduce the number of NEETs significantly. University NEETs rank among the supported groups of the unemployed who can enter programmes of the European Social Fund (ESF). This applied to the national active labour policy (ALP) till 2008, and since 2009 the category at risk includes only the NEETs under the age of 20. A sub-category of university NEETs under the age of 29 is represented by mothers on maternity or parental leave. Employment of mothers with young children is low in the Czech Republic compared to the EU.
Early school-leavers in the Czech Republic do not represent a serious problem unlike in the other EU countries. Their proportion does not exceed 10%. This is primarily caused by the fact that school attendance is compulsory until the 9th grade, which covers both ISCED 1 and 2. Also, it must be taken into account that from the perspective of social and cultural norms it is considered important to attain secondary education at least.
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